The identification of histidine ligands to cytochrome a in cytochrome c oxidase

Craig T. Martin, Charles P. Scholes, Sunney I. Chan, Journal of Biological Chemistry 260, 2857-2861, 1985

A histidine auxotroph of Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been used to metabolically incorporate [1,3-15N2] histidine into yeast cytochrome c oxidase. Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy of cytochrome a in the [15N]histidine-substituted enzyme reveals an ENDOR signal which can be assigned to hyperfine coupling of a histidine 15N with the low-spin heme, thereby unambiguously identifying histidine as an axial ligand to this cytochrome. Comparison of this result with similar ENDOR data obtained on two 15N-substituted bisimidazole model compounds, metmyoglobin-[15N]imidazole and bis[15N]imidazole tetraphenyl porphyrin, provides strong evidence for bisimidazole coordination in cytochrome a.

PMID: 2982841