Reactions of nitric oxide with tree and fungal laccase

Craig T. Martin, Randall H. Morse, Robert M. Kanne, Harry B. Gray, Bo G. Malmström, Sunney I. Chan, Biochemistry 20, 5147-5155, 1981

The reactions of nitric oxide (NO) with the oxi- dized and reduced forms of fungal and tree laccase, as well as with tree laccase depleted in type 2 copper, are reported. The products of the reactions were determined by NMR and mass spectroscopy, whereas the oxidation states of the enzymes were monitored by EPR and optical spectroscopy. All three copper sites in fungal lacease are reduced by NO. In addition,NO forms a specific complex with the reduced type 2 copper. NO similarly reduces all of the copper sites in tree lacease, but it also oxidizes the reduced sites produced by ascorbate or NO reduction. A catalytic cycle is set up in which N20, N02", and various forms of the enzyme are produced. On freezing of fully reduced tree laccase in the presence of NO, the type 1 copper becomes reoxidized. This reaction does not occur with the enzyme depleted in type 2 copper, suggesting that it involves intramolecular electron transfer from the type 1 copper to NO bound to the type 2 copper. When the half-oxidized tree laccase is formed in the presence of NO, a population of molecules exists which exhibits a type 3 EPR signal. A triplet EPR signal is also seen in the same preparation and is attributed to a population of the enzyme molecules in which NO is bound to the reduced copper of a half-oxidized type 3 copper site